How is the candidate's rank decided in EVM? Why are the names of major parties at the top?

How is the candidate's rank decided in EVM? Why are the names of major parties at the top? | A total of 1621 candidates have tried their luck in Gujarat Assembly elections. In which there are 1482 male candidates and 139 female candidates. Out of which 182 candidates will reach the assembly after winning. When a total of 70 political parties are active in the assembly elections this time, the biggest question that arises in anyone's mind is how the order of candidates is decided in the EVM, based on which rule the Election Commission places a candidate first, second or third? So here is the answer to all such questions.

Classification of candidates into three categories

The Election Commission has decided special rules for the elections held under the Central or State Election Commission across the country. According to which the candidate standing in the election is divided into three parts.


First category

The Election Commission places the candidates of recognized national party and state level registered party in the first category of naming in EVM. Recognize National Party includes various parties like Congress, BJP, NCP. The Election Commission has also made separate norms for who should be considered as Recognized National Party. A state level party is a political party registered in the state where elections are held.

Another category

The second category of candidates in the election consists of party candidates, which are registered at the state level. That is, a party which is registered in one state, and is contesting elections in a new state, has not yet crossed the norms of being a national party. Like Aam Aadmi Party.

Third category

The Election Commission places independent candidates in the third category of EVM ranking. Independent candidates are given a different mark than the national party.

How is ranking determined by category?

While deciding the order of candidates in the EVM in the Lok Sabha elections, the Election Commission takes into account the letters of the Hindi alphabet ie A-to-Gya. While in the assembly elections, the candidates are ranked according to the alphabet of the state language in three different categories.

What if two candidates have the same name?

The Election Commission ranks the candidates in the first category alphabetically. As if a candidate's name starts with the letter A, his name will appear first. But if two candidates have the same name, then the order is decided by taking into account factors like their father's name, surname, address.

Understand with some examples

In the first phase of the Gujarat Assembly elections, Alpesh Kathiria's name was ranked fourth in the EVM despite having a name from the letter A on the Varachha seat, as the Aam Aadmi Party is not a national party. While BJP's Kumar Kanani got first position in EVM. Similarly, in the second phase of the election in Patan, Kirit Patel of Congress got the first rank in EVMs due to letter K, while his opponent Rajulben Desai got the second rank.

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